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Triumphs in Epidemiology

First compiled by Diana Pettiti in 2001. Please  use the form on the CONTACT page to send suggestions for  additional triumphs over the last decade for inclusion.


 

Epidemiology Triumphs

N= 55

Updated July 30, 2001 (More Triumphs To Be Added)

Category
Disease
Risk Factor

Direction

(IR=Increased Risk

P=Protective)

ALCOHOL
 
 
 
 
esophageal cancer
alcohol (interaction with smoking)
IR
VIRUSES
 
 
 
 
liver cancer
hepatitis B virus
IR
 
Burkitt's lymphoma
 
Epstein Barr virus
IR
 
Kaposi's sarcoma
 
Herpes simples virus type 8

 
IR
 
cervical cancer
something transmitted sexually
(human papilloma virus)
IR
 
nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Epstein Barr virus
IR
 
yellow fever
"something transmitted by mosquitoes"
IR
 
nv Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease
prions (interaction with genotype)
IR
BACTERIA
 
 
 
 
cholera
"something in water" (vibrio cholera)
IR
 
peptic ulcer
Helicobacter pylori
IR
 
puerperal fever
"something on doctors' hands"(group B Streptococcus/step)
IR
NUTRITION
 
 
 
 
pellagra
"something in food" (niacin)
P
 
neural tube defects
folic acid, folate
P
 
oral clefts
folic acid
P
OCCUPATION
 
 
 
 
lung cancer
asbestos (interaction with smoking)
IR
 
bladder cancer
aniline dye
IR
 
mesothelioma
asbestos
IR
 
lung cancer
asbestos (interaction with smoking)
IR
 
angiosarcoma
vinly chloride
IR
 
infertility (male)
DBCP
IR
 
nasal cancer
nickel
IR
 
lung cancer
"something in uranium mines" (interaction with smoking)
IR
ENVIRONMENT
 
 
 
 
cancer
arsenic
IR
 
dental caries
fluoride
P
DRUGS & DEVICES      
 
myocardial infarction
aspirin
P
 
micoagthnia
iso-retinone during pregnancy
IR
 
Dalkon Shield IUD
pelvic inflammatory disease
IR
 
Dalkon Shield IUD
septic abortion
IR
HORMONES
 
 
 
 
clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina
diethylstilbesterol
IR
 
venous thromoembolism
combined estrogen/progestin oral contraceptives
IR
 
venous thromoembolism
post-menopausal estrogen
IR
 
ovarian cancer
oral contraceptives
P
 
endometrial cancer
combined estrogen/progestin oral contraceptives
P
 
endometrial cancer
post-menopausal estrogen
IR
 
iron deficiency anemia
oral contraceptives
P
 
benign breast disease
oral contraceptives
P
 
myocardial infarction
oral contraceptives (interaction with smoking)
IR
 
ischemic stroke
oral contraceptives (interaction with hypertension; modified by dose)
IR
GENETICS
 
 
 
 
breast cancer
"something genetic" (BRCA 1, BRCA 2 mutations)
IR
 
ovarian cancer
"something genetic" (BRCA 2 mutations)
IR
 
colon cancer
"something genetic (APC 1 mutations)
IR
MISCELLANEOUS
 
 
 
 
toxic shock syndrome
super absorbent tampons
IR
 
SIDS
prone sleep position
IR
 
Reye's syndrome
aspirin (interaction with infection)
IR
SMOKING
 
 
 
 
lung cancer
smoking
IR
 
coronary disease
smoking
IR
 
hemorrhagic stroke
smoking
IR
 
ischemic stroke
smoking
IR
 
abdominal aortic aneurysm
smoking
IR
 
peripheral vascular disease
smoking
IR
 
Parkinson's Disease
smoking
P
 
ulcerative colitis
smoking
P
 
laryngeal cancer
smoking
IR
 
intrauterine growth retardation
smoking during pregnancy
IR
 
toxemia/pre-eclampsia
smoking during pregnancy

P

 
 
        2011 The Epidemiology Monitor

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